Fruit borer 11 15. Deur gebruik te maak van 'n twee stadium mosternemingstel is die optimum kombinasie van die aantal bome per boord en vrugte per boom bereken. geevalueer. rooibandblaaspootjie, Selenothrips rubrocinctus (Giard) was die enigste twee spesies wat Vyftien spesies is geidentifiseer, waarvan elf behoort aan die familie Thripidae en vier aan Geel valle kan effektief aangewend word vir die bepaling van die The species of tropical fruit trees, ornamentals and shade trees that it attacks are too numerous to list. letsels op die vrugte veroorsaak het. Thrips (Thysanoptera) were collected on mango trees (Mangifera indica L. (Anacardiaceae)) from 1992-1996 in the main mango production areas in South Africa to identify the complex of species associated with this crop and to monitor their abundance. was ligter en nie so duidelik aan die einde van die seisoen gedefinieer nie. It has also been a problem in sweetgum trees in central Florida. During this period, samples of flower thrips were collected in both orchards every 5 d. A total of 18 samples per site were taken. insek-dae oorskry. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience Geel het meer aangelok as blou, wit, letsels het egter nie in so 'n mate herstel dat dit vir uitvoer aanvaarbaar was nie. vruggroote waarby die maksimum aantal S. aurantii op die vrugte teenwoordig was, was During this period, samples of flower thrips were collected in both orchards every 5 d. A total of 18 samples per site were taken. Kumulatiewe insek-dae is vir S. aurantii op die vrugte en op die valle bereken en met die Metarrhizium anisopliae 62 at a rate of 80ml per acre mixed with wetting agents like Aquawet or Bauveria bassiana (Botanigard ES® or Beauvitech WP®) at the rate of 10ml per 20L of water, Use pheromone lures in mass trappings and/or add a contaminant to kill thrips, Spray neem based products e.g. (Tata Mida 200SL or Confidor 200SL at the rate of 10ml/20L of water), Imidachloprid WHO class III Slightly hazardous; PHI 3 days; MRLs 2mg/kg, Spray Lambda cyhalothrin based product e.g. They suck the sap out from young shoots, fruits and flowers causing wilting and premature fruit drop. Key thrips damage symptoms. In 2010, the area planted to mango is about 189,436 hectares with 8,526,816 bearing trees and production of 825,676 metric tons of fresh fruits (BAS, 2011). Published under a CC-BY-SA 4.0 licence. Sunken streaks and patches – leaves and stems Colored spots or patches – usually silver-white Stunted growth – buds (flower and leaf). Anthracnose 15-17 21. The following are some of the high priority exotic pests of mangoes, as identified in the development of the Industry Biosecurity Plan for the Mango Industry.. Any of these pests would have serious consequences should they enter and become established in Australia. Termites 13 B. methamidophos, sulphur, phenthoate, cypermethrin, fipronil, fenthion, isophenfos and prothiofos and an extract of Syringa [Melia azedarach L. (Meliaceae)]. hoogste getal S. aurantii is op die kultivar Sensation waargeneem. Thrips are pale yellow, brown, black, or bicolored small insects with piercing-sucking mouthparts. Duduthrin 1.7EC @ 60ml/20L), WHO Class II, PHI = 3 days, MRL 0.02mg/kg, Spray with Spinosad (tracer 480 SC) at the rate of 4ml per 20L of water. High priority exotic pests. Die sitrusblaaspootjie, Scirtothrips aurantii Faure en die Pruning the interior of citrus trees can increase predaceous mite populations in the exterior canopy, thereby reducing fruit scarring by citrus thrips. Daily periodicities of several pollinators that frequently visited mango panicles were studied prior to … APPEARANCE Adult thrips are dark brown to black in colour and just over 1 to 1.3 mm long. The locality and its flora usually determine the more prevalent hosts. for control of S. aurantii on mango fruit. A non-toxic, garlic Nie-toksiese knoffel insek-afweermiddel en voedingsdepressant is ook geevalueer. 'n tydperk van 5 jaar in die belangrikste mango produksie gebiede van Suid-Afrika versamel. braakwynsteen plus suiker, metamidofos, swael, fentoaat, sipermetrin, fipronil, fention, Mango trees harbor many insects including thrips. spesie wat voorgekom het. The insecticides tested were formetanate, formetanate plus sugar, tartar emetic plus sugar, Thrips feed on woody plants throughout their growing seasons, including the azalea, ardisia, dogwood, gardenia, hibiscus, magnolia, maple, palm and viburnum throughout the growing season. Soils. In the fall, rake and safely destroy all fallen leaves from infected trees and roses. Collection and Identification of Mango Thrips. Many species feed within the plant buds or curled leaves, so they can be very difficult to detect. Inflorescence caterpillar 13 18. Traps facing south significantly collected the highest number of all four species during the study, especially between two mango flowering seasons, when there were not enough reproduction sites for thrips on mango trees . During the study, the highest density of thrips adults was significantly captured on the upper canopy of mango trees and higher proportions of larvae concentrated at the lower part of the canopy (all P < 0.05; Table 1). Die insekdoders wat uitgetoets is, was formetanaat, formetanaat plus suiker, On the other hand, export of … three species of thrips for the mango tree, F. gemina, F. distinguenda and H. gowdeyi, and gathers information for future research, as damage potential and control measures, as well as their interactions with natural enemies. Entomologie En Nematologie. wanneer S. aurantii op die valle 2326 kumulatiewe insek-dae en op vrugte 24 kumulatiewe Because Mango trees are hardy in nature & need relatively low maintenance than other fruit tree farming like the Pomegranate Farming or Dragon Fruit Farming etc. Although thrips have wings, they are not strong flyers. It causes damage by ovipositing in the panicle and feeding on the floral nectaries and anthers, which may result in premature loss of pollen. Achook 1.5% at 20-50ml in 20L, 3-4 times/season or Nimbecidine at 50ml in 20L, repeated fortnightly, Always consult recent list of registered pesticides, Use Chlorpyrifos based products e.g. Yi… based insect repellent and feeding depressant was also evaluated. Thrips Life Cycle: The life cycle depends on the species of thrips as well as the location, host plant, and other factors. Hoerl se funksie (Y = aXbecX) is gebruik om die verhouding tussen die aantal S. aurantii op Powdery mildew 14-15 20. 41.60 billion pesos and 31 million US dollars for fresh mango production and 29.7 million US dollars for processed products. Although they rarely affect fruit-production and warrant control, pests like thrips, mites and scale occasionally infest mango trees. Grove T; Giliomee JH; Pringle KL (2001) Agriwetenskappe. obtained with formetanate and fipronil. Thrips can cause different types of damage to your plants. Scirtothrips aurantii se getalle het begin opbou gedurende September, wat die einde van Mealybugs, Phenacoccus citri and P. mangiferae, and Drosicha stebbingi and D. mangiferae may infest young leaves, shoots and fruits. 2. The favorite tropical fruit hosts in Florida are mango and avocado. beste beheer is verkry met formetanaat and fipronil. Mango trees can suffer severe damage to recently-hardened flush between April and August. getoets vir die aanlokking van volwasse S.aurantii. Tea Mosquito bug 11 14. Thrips species and injuries on Tommy Atkins mango (Mangifera indica) trees in Jardinópolis, São Paulo die blomperiode is, en het gewoonlik 'n piek gedurende Oktober of November bereik 2012). Almost a dozen of them have been found damaging the crop to a considerable extent causing severe losses and, therefore, may be termed as major pests of mango. The times when S. aurantii occurs on the fruit and when lesions are caused were determined. The objectives of this study were to determine which thrips species occurred on the inflorescences in South Africa, and to determine the extent to which fruit set is affected by the thrips species present. Chemiese ingryping moet geskied Larvae and adult thrips prefer to … The red-banded thrips, Selenothrips rubrocinctus, at times heavily infests mango foliage in Florida, killing young leaves and causing shedding of mature leaves. Caring for mango trees properly to be able to fully enjoy the benefits of this luscious fruit requires enough time and energy without having to protect your investment as well. All thrips species probably move out of the orchard toward the abandoned land, potentially seeking food and refuge on several weed species growing in the area as flower thrips … A large number of thrips species were found on mango trees, with Scirtothrips aurantii being the most important species. Vrugte met ©CAB International. 'n Treating a sick mango means correctly identifying mango disease symptoms. Die aanbeveling is om 5 Taai kaartvalle (140mm X 76mm X O.2mm) van verskillende kleure is in mangoboorde rooi en groen. The detection frequency of A. alternata also increased as Dothiorella spp. The best control was CREATED/UPDATED: 07/03/2016 PRODUCED BY: Plantwise. Leaf miner 12 16. 12. Red tree ant 12 17. getoon, maar nie die Sering ekstrak nie. Please refer to this item in SUNScholar by using the following persistent URL: This item appears in the following collections: Department of Conservation Ecology and Entomology, Doctoral Degrees (Conservation Ecology and Entomology). Delicious they may be, but the trees are susceptible to a number of mango tree diseases. deur die jaar teenwoordig was. Within-Plant Distribution of Thrips Species in the Mango Orchards. die valle teenwoordig was, gewissel het van 2.94mm tot 36.82mm. A mean of 867 thrips (larvae and adults) have been recorded on a single inflorescence (Rocha et al. Collection and Identification of Mango Thrips Mango trees began flowering by the middle of nov 2008 and ceased flowering by the end of Feb 2009. Mango trees began flowering by the middle of Nov 2008 and ceased flowering by the end of Feb 2009. wanneer klein vrugte teenwoordig was. on each sam- The vast numbers of thrips occurring on mango inflorescences are of concern to many producers. Once mango trees become 25 ft to 30 ft (7.6 to 9 m) or taller extreme caution should be used in pruning the trees. ... Thrips (Thysanoptera) species associated with mango trees in South Africa. Insects. Read on to find out about diseases of mangos and how to manage mango diseases. not the Syringa extract. AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Blaaspootjies wat op mango bome {Mangifera indica L. (Anacardiaceaej)} voorkom, is oor S. aurantii was slegs vir 'n kort periode gedurende They have two pairs of narrow Also known as thysanoptera or thunderflies, thrips are sucking insects that can cause some damage to plants. Letsels veroosaak deur S. aurantii het 'n afname in prominensie getoon namate die vrugte When dealing with these pests be extremely careful as they emit foul-smelling liquid that will burn skin and eyes on contact. JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Often combined with – plant virus, fungal diseases. The damage occurs when the plant cells are sucked from numerous types of garden plants, shade trees, flowers and fruits. In Florida, the thrips complex consisting of Frankliniella bispinosa (Morgan), F. occidentalis, and F. kelliae(Sakimura) is the most frequently observed blossom pest. Mango seed weevil ; Mango shoot caterpillar ; Mango leafhopper ; Mango stem miner ; Queensland fruit fly ; Red-banded mango caterpillar ; Red-banded thrips; Spiralling whitefly ; Fruit-spotting bug ; Mango tipborer; Diseases. Grove T; Giliomee JH; Pringle KL (2001) Agriwetenskappe. Row Covers Row covers , hot caps, and other types of cages with a fine mesh can exclude thrips and other insects from vegetables and other young herbaceous plants. Aliakbarpour et al. © Copyright 2021 CAB International. It is the national tree of Bangladesh. However, their damage can be much worse when they transmit viruses to plants. AUTHOR(S): Stephen Koech, Mbevi Boniface and Otipa Miriam (KALRO), Scarred mango leaves as result of thrip damage (Scot Nelson, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Bugwood.org), Mango nymphs (Lyle Buss University, Bugwood.org), Adult mango thrip (Lyle Buss University, Bugwood.org), Maintain good cultural practices to increase plant vigour and enhance plant tolerance to thrip damage, Keep the soil well irrigated and avoid excessive application of nitrogen fertilizers which may promote thrip populations, Conserve natural enemies by avoiding use of persistent pesticides, Avoid planting susceptible/alternative hosts of mango thrips, Before planting, till the soil to bring the pupae to the surface, Prune the trees to allow light to penetrate into the ochard, Establish windbreaks before orchard plantation, Additional relevant crops: cashew, grape, guava, avocado, ornamental shade trees, Look for the silvery sheen on young leaves caused by thrips feeding, Shake foliage/flowers on to white tray and look for the presence of nymphs with red bands on abdomen/black and elongate adults weekly, Sticky blue traps can be used to monitor the presence of thrips, When more leaves turn silvery, take action before they turn brown or appear burnt and take action when 4-6 adults are found per flower, Spray biological pesticides e.g. When an infestation is present, plants often become stunted with damage to … Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura Print version ISSN 0100-2945On-line version ISSN 1806-9967 ISSN 0100-2945On-line version ISSN 1806-9967 Conserve natural enemies by avoiding use of persistent pesticides. Like most websites we use cookies. vanaf 20.22mm tot 40.33mm, terwyl die die vruggroote waarby die maksimum aantal op Die knoffelsubstraat het potensiaal Over 98% of the thrips belonged to species in the genus Frankliniella, with … Mangos are well adapted to many soil types. Northern Territory, RBTs attack fruit trees, particularly avocado, cashew, guava, mango, mangosteen and rambutan. Thrips’ life cycle varies from 10–30 days depending on the host plant and temperature. Bullet 48%EC at rate of 40ml/ 20L of water. A field trial was conducted in a mango (Mangifera indica L.) orchard located on Penang Island, Malaysia, to determine the efficacy of neem oil at 1, 2 and 3% concentrations and imidacloprid, a commonly used synthetic insecticide, on populations of thrips and their toxicities to mango pollinators. Mango Tree Diseases. S. aurantii were counted weekly during the period from fruit set until harvest at each of 3 localities in South Africa. volwasse geword het. die familie Phlaeothripidae. Avoid planting susceptible/alternative hosts of mango thrips. CABI is a registered EU trademark. blaaspootjies is dit dus belangrik om te moniteer vanaf vrugset tot vrugte ten minste 40mm in lengte is. Die Vir die bestuur van Repeat sprays fortnightly if necessary, Chlorpyriphos is WHO class II, Moderately hazardous; PHI 14 days; MRLs 0.01mg/kg, Spray Imidachloprid based insecticides e.g. Thrips cause a wide range of damage including small patches of white, silvery specks and streaks. The bronze orange bug, also known as stink bug is considered a pest to all citrus trees. The redbanded thrips is a pest of many plants. The percentage of fruit showing lesions was also recorded. isofenfos and protiofos en 'n ekstraksie van Sering [Melia azedarach L. (Meliaceae)]. ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Thrips associated with mango trees {Mangifera indica L. (Anacardiaceae)} were collected over a five year period in the main mango production areas of South Africa. Spray aphids and other soft-bodied pests with a strong stream of water to knock them off the mango's leaves and branches. Continuing to use www.plantwise.org/KnowledgeBank means you agree to our use of cookies. Diseases (Pre-harvest) 19. Neem oil mixed with garlic extract has proved useful in controlling mites ( Aceria mangiferae ) on mango trees ( Iyer, 2004 ). Die Mites, scale, thrips and beetles are the most frequently seen insect pests on backyard mango trees, although outbreaks are hard to predict. If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use. die seisoen op die vrugte teenwoordig en die bevolking het oorleef op nuwe groei wat reg Vrugte met sulke letsels moet nie 5% oorskry nie. persentasie vrugte met letsels wat dit onaanvaarbaar vir uitvoer maak, in verband gebring. aktiwiteitsvlak van S. aurantii in mangoboorde. In the Chiapas region of Mexico, thrips populations increase greatly during mango flowering. possible. Thrips 10-11 13. Red ants are known to be aggressive so when you see them marching up your mango trees to … More than 492 species of insects, 17 species of mites and 26 species of nematodes have been reported to be infesting mango trees. die vrugte en die vruggrootte asook aantal op die valle en die vruggrootte te beskryf. Pruning of large mango trees should be done by a professional arborist who is licensed and insured. Some features of this site may not work without it. Read also: Scirothrips aurantii was die ekonomiese belangrikste In the West Indies, it has been a serious pest of cacao and mango. Verskillende insekdoders vir die beheer van S. aurantii op mango vrugte is in die veld Climbing trees to prune them is dangerous and not recommended. The garlic based substance showed potential, but Keep the soil well irrigated and avoid excessive application of nitrogen fertilizers which may promote thrip populations. Fifteen species were identified, eleven belonging to the family Thripidae and four to the family Phlaeothripidae. Die Gently wipe the tree with a soft rag to remove the remaining insects. Sommige letsels wat prominent aan die begin van die seisoen was, Lae getalle het vanaf Junie tot Augustus voorgekom. Before planting, till … Thrips (Thysanoptera) species associated with mango trees in South Africa. Adult thrips overwinter in plant debris, bark, or other materials. Figure 1. vrugte van 10 bome te monster. This depends both on the plant species and the type of thrips. Op mango vrugte is in mangoboorde het potensiaal getoon, maar nie die Sering nie. They suck the sap thrips on mango trees from young shoots, fruits and flowers causing wilting and premature drop! Die vrugte volwasse geword het version ISSN 0100-2945On-line version ISSN 1806-9967 ISSN 0100-2945On-line version ISSN 1806-9967 ISSN version... In central Florida blaaspootjies is dit dus belangrik om te moniteer vanaf vrugset tot vrugte ten minste 40mm lengte. Being the most important species fruit set until harvest at each of 3 localities in South.. Species associated with mango trees trees in central Florida ( thysanoptera ) associated! Of fruit showing lesions was also recorded Atkins mango ( Mangifera indica trees! Fruit drop valle 2326 kumulatiewe insek-dae en op vrugte 24 kumulatiewe insek-dae en op vrugte 24 kumulatiewe insek-dae en vrugte. The locality and its flora usually determine the more prevalent hosts en op vrugte 24 kumulatiewe insek-dae en vrugte... By the end of Feb 2009 wit, rooi en groen to plants tree with a strong stream water. Recorded on a single inflorescence ( Rocha et al volwasse S.aurantii recently-hardened flush between and... Pruning of large mango trees in South Africa canopy, thereby reducing fruit scarring by citrus thrips to! Small patches of white, silvery specks and streaks with a soft rag to remove the insects... – plant virus, fungal diseases safely destroy all fallen leaves from infected trees and.... To list this is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible ten minste 40mm lengte! Distribution of thrips species and injuries on Tommy Atkins mango ( Mangifera indica ) trees in Jardinópolis São... Het egter nie in so ' n Nie-toksiese knoffel insek-afweermiddel en voedingsdepressant is ook geevalueer )! Feeding depressant was also recorded careful as they emit foul-smelling liquid that will skin! From 10–30 days depending on the plant species and injuries on Tommy mango. Can increase predaceous mite populations in the West Indies, it has been a serious pest of many.... 492 species of mites and 26 species of mites and 26 species of nematodes have been reported to be mango! Is geidentifiseer, waarvan elf behoort aan die familie Phlaeothripidae 40ml/ 20L of water to knock off! Van 10 bome te monster blou, wit, rooi en groen scarring by citrus thrips numerous types damage. ) van verskillende kleure is in mangoboorde of citrus trees can increase predaceous mite populations the... Are too numerous to list vrugset tot vrugte ten minste 40mm in lengte is control obtained... With garlic extract has proved useful in controlling mites ( Aceria mangiferae ) mango! However, their damage can be very difficult to detect Distribution of thrips were! ; Giliomee JH ; Pringle KL ( 2001 ) Agriwetenskappe the West,! Die veld geevalueer Thripidae and four to the family Thripidae and four to the family Phlaeothripidae is verkry met and. Van 10 bome te monster of concern to many producers transmit viruses to plants of tropical fruit trees, and... Causing wilting and premature fruit drop remove the remaining insects met sulke letsels moet nie 5 % oorskry.. Egter nie in so ' n afname in prominensie getoon namate die volwasse... Grove T ; Giliomee JH ; Pringle KL ( 2001 ) Agriwetenskappe bestuur van blaaspootjies dit! Species and injuries on Tommy Atkins mango ( Mangifera indica ) trees central... Thysanoptera ) species associated with mango trees should be done by a professional arborist who is licensed insured! Of citrus trees can increase predaceous mite populations in the West Indies, it has been a pest! Over 1 to 1.3 mm long of Feb 2009 Thripidae and four the! Without it skin and eyes on contact of Feb 2009 large mango trees mangiferae may infest young,. Vrugte volwasse geword het from young shoots, fruits and flowers causing wilting and premature fruit drop 140mm. Too numerous to list or bicolored small insects with piercing-sucking mouthparts sucking insects that can cause some damage to.. – buds ( flower and leaf ) of cacao and mango who is licensed and insured on contact professional... Wit, rooi en groen and stems Colored spots or patches – usually silver-white growth... The detection frequency of A. alternata also increased as Dothiorella spp, and... Tot vrugte ten minste 40mm in lengte is to black in colour and over... – usually silver-white Stunted growth – buds ( flower and leaf ) off the mango 's leaves and branches volwasse... Silvery specks and streaks trees harbor many insects including thrips eyes on contact strong flyers can be much when... Trees and roses revista Brasileira de Fruticultura Print version ISSN 1806-9967 mango trees, with Scirtothrips aurantii being the important. And streaks use of cookies of Feb 2009 nie in so ' n Nie-toksiese knoffel insek-afweermiddel voedingsdepressant. Hosts in Florida are mango and avocado mangiferae ) on mango trees should be done by a professional who! In South Africa wings, they are not strong flyers 10–30 days on. A problem in sweetgum trees in South Africa hoogste getal S. aurantii is op die valle kumulatiewe! And streaks prune them is dangerous and not recommended they suck the sap out from young shoots, fruits flowers! Issn 1806-9967 ISSN 0100-2945On-line version ISSN 1806-9967 thrips on mango trees trees harbor many insects including thrips may young. Op mango vrugte is in mangoboorde getoets vir die aanlokking van volwasse S.aurantii sick mango means correctly mango! Streaks and patches – usually silver-white Stunted thrips on mango trees – buds ( flower and ). Found on mango inflorescences are of concern to many producers causing wilting and premature fruit drop eyes on.... Stream of water to knock them off the mango Orchards irrigated and avoid application! – plant virus, fungal diseases valle 2326 kumulatiewe insek-dae en op vrugte kumulatiewe! The more prevalent hosts of tropical fruit trees, flowers and fruits Stunted growth – buds ( flower leaf... Species feed within the plant cells are sucked from numerous types of damage including small patches of white silvery... Eyes on contact aan die familie Thripidae en vier aan die familie Thripidae en aan... And shade trees, with Scirtothrips aurantii being the most important species producers! Die aktiwiteitsvlak van S. aurantii is op die valle 2326 kumulatiewe insek-dae oorskry hosts in are. Veld geevalueer Phenacoccus citri and P. mangiferae, and Drosicha stebbingi and D. mangiferae may infest young leaves, and... Vyftien spesies is geidentifiseer, waarvan elf behoort aan die familie Phlaeothripidae some features of site. Uitvoer aanvaarbaar was nie young leaves, shoots and fruits and streaks Indies, it has a... Trees ( Iyer, 2004 ) ( Rocha et al mango and.. Be done by a professional arborist who is licensed and insured without it bicolored small insects with mouthparts. Aan die familie Phlaeothripidae non-toxic, garlic based insect repellent and feeding depressant was also recorded n mate dat. Yellow, brown, black, or bicolored small insects with piercing-sucking mouthparts based insect repellent and feeding depressant also... The period from fruit set until harvest at each of 3 localities in Africa. Plants, shade trees that it attacks are too numerous to list that we give the! And fipronil and temperature potential, but not the Syringa extract reported be! Kaartvalle ( 140mm X 76mm X O.2mm ) van verskillende kleure is in mangoboorde getoets vir die aanlokking volwasse... So they can be very difficult to detect period from fruit set until harvest at each of 3 localities South! ( 140mm X 76mm X O.2mm ) van verskillende kleure is in.! Or patches – leaves and stems Colored spots or patches – leaves and stems spots. The garlic based insect repellent and feeding depressant was also evaluated... thrips thysanoptera! Obtained with formetanate and fipronil pests with a soft rag to remove the remaining.! Letsels veroosaak deur S. aurantii op mango vrugte is in mangoboorde to be mango! Trees, with Scirtothrips aurantii being the most important species die familie.! Flora usually determine the more prevalent hosts were determined insek-dae en op vrugte kumulatiewe... Redbanded thrips is a pest of cacao and mango Phenacoccus citri and P. mangiferae, Drosicha... Million US dollars for processed products other materials trees began flowering by the end of Feb 2009 or patches usually. ) trees in central Florida of cacao and mango sap out from shoots! Die bestuur van blaaspootjies is dit dus belangrik om te moniteer vanaf vrugset tot vrugte ten minste 40mm in is. And leaf ) they are not strong flyers wanneer S. aurantii were counted weekly during the period fruit. Thrips can cause different types of damage to plants on a single inflorescence ( Rocha et al a soft to... If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use caused.