The Bofors scandal was a major weapons-contract political scandal that occurred between India and Sweden during the 1980s and 1990s, initiated by Indian National Congress politicians and implicating the Indian prime minister, Rajiv Gandhi, and several other members of the Indian and Swedish governments who were accused of receiving kickbacks from Bofors AB, a bank principally financed by the Wallenberg family's Skandinaviska Enskilda Banken, for winning a bid to supply to India their 155 mm field howitzer. In May 1987, a broadcast by a Swedish radio station revealed that bribes of ₹600 million (equivalent to ₹6.6 billion or US$92 million in 2019) had been paid by Bofors to Indian politicians, members of the Congress party and bureaucrats. In the movie Jolly LLB Arshad Warsi portrays the character of a … It was the biggest arms deal ever in Sweden, and money marked for development projects was diverted to secure this contract at any cost. Follow. Related. [4] However, none of the newspapers in India were aware of this. Watch fullscreen. In an interview with her, published in The Hoot in April 2012 on the 25th anniversary of the revelations,[8] Sten Lindstrom, former chief of Swedish police, discussed why he leaked the documents to her and the role of whistle-blowers in a democracy. [6], The case came into light during Vishwanath Pratap Singh's tenure as defence minister, and was revealed through investigative journalism tipped off by a Reuters news revelation on Swedish radio, followed up by a team led by N. Ram of the newspaper The Hindu. "The Bofors story, 25 years after : Interview with Sten Lindstrom", "Key players in Bofors scandal : Latest Headlines, News - India Today", "Rediff on the NeT: Vir Sanghvi looks back at the Bofors scandal", "25 years of India's 'Watergate': The Bofors scandal", "The Bofors story, 25 years after : An Interview with Sten Lindstrom", "Interview with Chitra Subramaniam and Madhu Trehan", "Win Chadha's death, a setback to Bofors case", "SC court reverses Delhi HC decision to quash all proceeding in Bofors scam", "Welcome to Frontline : Vol. Amitabh Bachchan Gets A Clean Chit In Bofors Scandal - Bollywood New Quattrocchi was released by Argentinian police. Actor Amitabh Bachchan said his existence was questioned when he and his family were accused in the Bofors case and it took them 25 painful years to emerge out of the scandal despite their innocence. [2] The scandal relates to illegal kickbacks paid in a US$1.4-billion deal between the Swedish arms manufacturer Bofors with the government of India for the sale of 410 field howitzer guns, and a supply contract almost twice that amount. [19], As there was no extradition treaty between India and Argentina, the case was presented in the Argentine Supreme Court. [2], On 24 March 1986, a $285 million contract between the Government of India and Swedish arms company Bofors was signed for supply of 410 155 mm Howitzer field guns. Follow. [29] Some of these were paid as personal bribes while others were paid as contributions to political parties. He was found not guilty and was found not liable in the whole Bofors difficulty. Though it was widely believed that V. P. Singh resigned from Rajiv Gandhi's cabinet due to the Bofors scandal, Singh clarified that he had resigned due to differences in the cabinet in commissions taken by Indian agents in the HDW submarine deal (Shishumar class)[28], Middlemen were employed in arms deals in India, both during the British Raj as well as in independent India, and commissions were paid to them under various headings and guises. The CBI, the Indian federal law enforcement agency, on 23 January 2006 admitted that roughly ₹210 million, about US$4.6 million, in the two accounts have already been withdrawn by the accused. 30 :: No. The Bofors scandal was a major weapons-contract political scandal that occurred between India and Sweden during the 1980s and 1990s, initiated by Indian National Congress politicians and implicating the Indian prime minister, Rajiv Gandhi, and several other members of the Indian and Swedish governments who were accused of receiving kickbacks from Bofors AB, a bank principally financed by the Wallenberg family's Skandinaviska Enskilda Banken,[1] for winning a bid to supply to India their 155 mm field howitzer. [9][11] As a result of the revelations, the Indian government blacklisted Bofors in 1987, preventing the company from doing business in India.[12]. On 5 February 2004 even before Indian National Congress came to power in India, the Delhi High Court quashed the charges of bribery against Rajiv Gandhi and others,[16] On 31 May 2005, the Delhi High Court dismissed the allegations against the British business brothers, Srichand, Gopichand and Prakash Hinduja, but charges against others remain. [18] Quattrocchi was detained in Argentina on 6 February 2007, but the news of his detention was released by the CBI only on 23 February. 8 years ago | 22 views. [2] Quattrocchi was reportedly close to the family of Rajiv Gandhi and emerged as a powerful broker in the 1980s between big businesses and the Indian government. This had been done the previous year for a deal to supply 410 155 mm calibre howitzer guns for the Indian army. Amitabh Bachchan used to be a close friend of the Gandhi family. He was, however, guilty of knowing about the kickbacks and not taking action on them. [13], However, on 16 January 2006, CBI claimed in an affidavit filed before the Supreme Court that they were still pursuing extradition orders for Quattrocchi. He, however, rarely, if never, speaks to the media about them. He added that the Swedish Police had no evidence of Rajiv Gandhi or Amitabh Bachchan, who was a close friend of the former Prime Minister, receiving kickbacks in the Bofors scam. The lifting of the ban came during the Kargil War, when the Bofors guns proved to be efficient but were crippled by a shortage of spare parts. Addressing a press conference here Bachchan welcomed the revelations made by the Swedish investigators in the Bofors case. In a book, Jaya Bachchan says Amitabh Bachchan won 1984 elections due to his own charisma and not Congress'. The actor spoke about the turmoil that he and his family, including his father late Harivanshrai Bachchan went through during those times but says that he feels vindicated that his name is finally cleared after 25 long years. ................................ Advertisement ................................ 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A year later, on April 16, 1987, a Swedish radio channel alleged that the company had bribed top Indian politicians and defence personnel to secure the contract. Amitabh Bachchan Talks About The Bofors Scandal At 'Jolly L.L.B' Trailer Launch Amitabh Interview Bofors Scandal part 1 ... Big B reveals secrets of Bofors scam on his blog - Duration: 4:21. zoom 1,336 views. Click here for full coverage Zaiwalla, who won the Bofors libel case for the Bachchan brothers in 1990, was, as The Indian Express first reported Monday, instrumental in bringing together Amitabh’s brother Ajitabh and late shipping magnate Mehernoosh Khajotia into a partnership that set up a bunch of offshore shipping companies in 1990-91. Watch fullscreen. [2] In 1997, the Swiss banks released some 500 documents after years of legal battle. The two accounts, containing €3 million and $1 million, had been frozen. Zaiwalla also spoke about his involvement in the Bofors case, where he represented Amitabh Bachchan and his brother Ajitabh Bachchan. On Headliners Today's Right to be Heard show, Amitabh Bachchan says he was never afraid the Bofors case. The government of India lost the extradition case as the government of India did not provide a key court order which was the basis of Quattrocchi's arrest. [21] However the case is still going on. Involved In Bofors Scandal. [3], On 16 April 1987, a Swedish radio station broke out a story based on a whistleblower in the Swedish police, alleging that the reputed Swedish artillery manufacturer Bofors had paid kickbacks to people in several countries, including Sweden and India, to secure a ₹15 billion (equivalent to ₹160 billion or US$2.3 billion in 2019) contract. Bofors scam: I have lived with stigma for 25 years, Amitabh Bachchan says Chhattisgarh hostage crisis: Negotiations may begin tomorrow Reasons you should pre-book OnePlus 8T 5G today [31][32], In 2015, the Government of India under the Narendra Modi government made the use of middlemen in arms deals legal, if they called themselves "company representatives". Agencies, Agencies: Mumbai, Wed Apr 25 2012, 16:15 hrs . Nonetheless, it later turned out that Amitabh was confined in the trick and was dishonestly affirmed. [9] About a year later, on 16 April 1987, Swedish Radio alleged that Bofors paid kickbacks to people from a number of countries including top Swedish[10] and Indian politicians and key defence officials to seal the deal. [17] In December 2005, Mr B. Daat, the Additional Solicitor General of India, acting on behalf of the Indian Government and the CBI, requested the British Government that two British bank accounts of Quattrocchi be unfrozen on the grounds of insufficient evidence to link these accounts to the Bofors payoff. Amitabh Bachchan. 4 years ago | 7 views. The investigations revealed flouting of rules and bypassing of institutions. Amitabh Bachchan in an interview recalls Bofors case.Get more updates on Bollywood here: http://www.moviezadda.com Bollywood megastar Amitabh Bachchan heaved a big sigh of relief after his name was cleared from the Bofors gun payoff scandal. After Amitabh Bachchan surrendered, he alongside his sibling were ensnared in the “Bofors embarrassment” by a daily paper, Bachchan took the daily paper to the court. What is the Bofors scam? TheBollywoodShow. [13] In second half of 2001, Win Chadha and S. K. Bhatnagar died. On the Bofors scandal. [26], Michael Hershman of the Fairfax Group, who made one of the earliest discoveries about the Bofors Scam, in an interview with a News Channel in October 2017, spoke about the arms deal and related irregularities. For the unaware Amitabh Bachchan, who shared a close relationship with Gandhi family, was one of the many people suspected in the bofors scam. Later the articles were published in The Indian Express and The Statesman when The Hindu stopped publishing stories about the Bofors scandal under immense government pressure and Chitra Subramaniam moved to the two newspapers. 9 years ago | 236 views. On March 18, 1986, India signed a Rs 1,437-crore deal with Swedish arms manufacturer AB Bofors for the supply of 400 155 mm Howitzer guns for the Army. 8 years ago | 21 views. 05", "CBI seeks time to mull on Quattrocchi's case", "Bofors case: 'Petitioner interested in cheap publicity, "Bofors scam: Italian businessman Ottavio Quattrocchi dies", "Bofors gun helped India win against Pak", "Rajiv Gandhi told me to use arms deal payoffs for party funds: Ex-CBI chief", "Rajiv Gandhi wanted Bofors money to run Congress: Ex-CBI chief", "The bofors story : 25 years after - an interview with Sten Lindstrom", "Walk the talk - an interview with V.P.Singh", "Arms and the Middlemen - 7 September 2016", "India Puts New Arms Deals With Finmeccanica On Hold", "Modi govt to legalise middlemen in arms deals? [15], Meanwhile, the central government changed and Indian National Congress came to power after 2004 Lok Sabha elections. Some points to be noted: Corruption scandal in India in the 1980s related to defence equipment. Amitabh Bachchan, Boman Irani and Arshad Warsi unveil the trailer of Jolly LLB. After his name featured in the Panama papers and Bofors scandal, Bollywood 'Shehanshah' Amitabh Bachchan has spoken at length about his surfacing in the controversial matters. New Delhi: The Supreme Court on Wednesday said it could consider taking up matters related to the implementation of the Citizenship Amendment Act in Uttar Pradesh separately after being told that the state has started identifying refugees and migrants under the contentious law without the rules being framed. [33] The then defence minister Manohar Parrikar announced that in such cases, middlemen would be paid by the government for fixing arms deals under the name of "legal fees".[34]. [12], On 22 October 1999 (when National Democratic Alliance government led by the Bharatiya Janata Party was in power) the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) filed the first chargesheet against Quattrocchi, Win Chadha, Rajiv Gandhi, the defence secretary S. K. Bhatnagar and a number of others. CBI has been criticised by experts, social workers, political parties and people at large for the manner in which it has handled this case. ", "Bofors case: Court to hold fresh proceedings in Quattrocchi's case", "Bofors: Court Pulls up CBI's 'Malafide Intentions, Indian Express article on CBI's handling of the Bofors scam under NDA and UPA, Bofors resurrects, gives more ammo to BJP, Death Of A Scandal – Bofors, India's Watergate, Lecture by an IMF aid projects manager about government bribery, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu TCC, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bofors_scandal&oldid=997112431, Corruption in defence procurement in India, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Not appealing against the judgement of the, De-freezing of Quattrocchi's bank account in London by saying to the Crown Prosecutor that there is no case against Quattrocchi, Putting up a very weak case for Quattrocchi's. [2] While the case was being investigated, Rajiv Gandhi was assassinated for unrelated reasons by the LTTE. [23], In his book, Unknown Facets of Rajiv Gandhi, Jyoti Basu and Indrajit Gupta, released in November 2013, former CBI director Dr A P Mukherjee wrote that Rajiv Gandhi wanted commission paid by defence suppliers to be used exclusively for the purpose of meeting expenses of running the Congress party. She also sheds light on Big B's reaction after Bofors scandal broke in the media. Megastar Amitabh Bachchan said his existence was questioned when he and his family were accused in Bofors case and it took them 25 painful years to emerge out of the scandal despite their innocence. [22], Despite the controversy, the Bofors gun was used extensively as the primary field artillery during the Kargil War with Pakistan and gave India 'an edge' against Pakistan according to battlefield commanders. This was picked up by a young journalist from The Hindu, Chitra Subramaniam, who happened to be in Sweden at that time, covering another story. The Interpol, at the request of the CBI, has a long-standing red corner notice to arrest Quattrocchi. On 16 January, the Indian Supreme Court directed the Indian government to ensure that Ottavio Quattrocchi did not withdraw money from the two bank accounts in London. On Amitabh Bachchan's 77th birthday check out his exclusive interview where he speaks on facing media ban and bofors scam. However, this was reversed by Supreme Court of India on 7 July 2003. He said, "In my career, the Bofors actually taught me never to get involved in a case where Indian politics is involved. Reacting to this, Chief Metropolitan Magistrate Vinod Yadav said that, This page was last edited on 30 December 2020, at 01:54. Follow our special coverage of Coronavirus pandemic in India and get news updates from around the world. Bofors scandal: Amitabh Bachchan relieved after clean chit from whistleblower. The middleman associated with the scandal was Ottavio Quattrocchi, an Italian businessman who represented the petrochemicals firm Snamprogetti. [14], On 10 June 2002, Delhi High Court quashed all proceedings in the case so far. 100 Years of Cheers; Hope to resolve 'Zanjeer' issue amicably: Javed Akhtar; 100 Years of Cheers; 100 Years of Cheers; 100 Years of Cheers ; Hope to resolve 'Zanjeer' issue amicably: Javed Akhtar; Top Stories. Amitabh bachchan says, "I did not resign because of Bofors Case". Bofors, as I have already noted, is independent India’s defining grand corruption scandal. … [25] However, as per Sten Lindstrom, the former head of Swedish police, who led the investigations, they did not find anything to suggest that payments had been received by Rajiv Gandhi. Finally, withdrawal of its case against Quattrocchi. He took office after the 1984 assassination of his mother, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, to become the youngest Indian Prime Minister at the age of 40. 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